Updated: May 10, 2022
-“Most of its health benefits are caused by Sulfur compounds formed when a garlic clove is chopped, crushed or chewed”
-Contains Allicin, a powerful antioxidant
-Contains vitamin C, vitamin B6 and manganese
-Compounds within reduce the severity of common illnesses; Improves Immunity
-Helps lower blood pressure
🔷SEED WHEN/HOW TO PLANT
-Nutrient-rich (add amendments/compost to site if necessary), well-drained soil
❗️ Garlic bulbs may become misshapen in dense, heavy soils
-Planting in the fall usually yields more harvest (between September and November)
-Planting should be done at least two weeks before the first frost of the season, and before the ground freezes; protect the garlic by applying mulch 4-6” layer
❗️Garlic roots develop during the fall and winter, before the ground freezes, and by early spring they start producing foliage. Then, you’ll harvest in the summer
❗️ When planting make sure to mulch whatever time of year you plant and to protect against cold snaps in the Spring and keep newly planted garlic bulbs from drying out
-Plant large cloves to produce the largest bulbs. Plant smaller cloves at closer spacings or in patches for harvest as garlic greens
-Break bulbs apart when going to plant, keeping thin husks on the cloves.
-Plant with tips up, 2-4” deep and 4 to 6” apart
❗️Use deeper planting if rain or frost may expose the cloves, and shallower planting if using mulch or planting into heavy soil
- Space Rows 15 to 24” apart.
-For elephant varieties, Plant elephant about 3” deep and 8 to 12”
❗️ Do not plant where other onion family crops have been grown in the past 3 years
🔷HOW TO GROW
-Full Sun: 6 to 8Hrs.
-Cold period of at least 40˚F (optimal) for about 4 to 8 weeks.
-pH 6.2-6.8 (slightly acidic) ❗️Tolerates wide range
-Prefers cool weather when developing foliage, and warm weather when bulbs enlarge
-Raised Beds: Should be 2 to 3 feet wide and at least 10 to 12 inches tall.
-For larger bulbs, remove woody flower stalks (scapes) as they appear. ❗️These may decrease bulb size
-Keep area weeded (competition in ground can lead to issues such as size)
-HEAVY FEEDER make sure to side dress with amendments such as chicken manure or blood meal - or liquid fertilizers with decent levels of Nitrogen
-Best to water deep, but infrequently
❗️ Too little water can stress plants, and too much water can cause bulb rot
Softneck varieties: The necks stay soft at harvest time; usually braided. Produces large cloves around the outside, and smaller cloves in the middle. Strong flavor. Stores well.
Stiffneck varieties: A single ring of cloves surrounds a stiff central stem that curls as it grows. Most cold-hardy of the garlics but doesn’t store well.
STIFFneck VS SOFTneck
Elephant varieties: Milder flavor, intermediate between garlic and onions. Larger bulb with fewer larger cloves (usually about four). More closely related to leeks than to A. sativum garlics, and not as hardy.
🔷WHEN/HOW TO HARVEST
-Harvest when lower leaves turn brown.
-Lift the entire plant from the ground and shake loose the soil as much as possible.
-Allow plants to dry in a shaded, dry place for about a week to two to cure.
-You can also harvest just the green scapes of hardneck garlic varieties. Harvest when the scape begin to curl
-To avoid sprouting, place your whole bulb of garlic in a dry place away from moisture and humidity
-The bulbs are cured (dried) and ready to store when the wrappers are dry and paper like and the roots are dry. The root crown should be hard; cure by hanging from stalks to dry
-Bulbs should be stored in a cool (40°F) dark, dry place, and can be kept this way for several months; can be stored in temperatures between 40 - 65F
-Store your garlic bulbs in a well-ventilated spot allowing it to "breathe". This will extend the shelf-life
-You can peel individual garlic cloves and completely submerge them in oil in a glass jar or plastic container. Tightly seal the jar or container with a lid and place directly into the freeze
-The flavor will increase as the bulbs are dried.
-Properly stored, garlic should last until the next crop is harvested the following summer
-Save largest bulbs for planting next year
-White Rot is a fungus that may attack garlic in cool weather - be sure to rotate onion like crops and not plant the same family in an area for 3 years
-When in the ground, the bulb is where nutrients are stored for survival during drought or other stressful weather
-Garlic is a perennial member of the onion family, Alliaceae, and is closely related to leeks, onions, shallots, and chives